BLM’s Wild Mustang Program

Wild at Heart: The Bureau of Land Management’s Wild Horse and Burro Program

The American West is synonymous with wild mustangs and burros, their powerful presence echoing the pioneering spirit of the land. However, managing these populations requires a delicate balance. Here’s a look at the Bureau of Land Management’s (BLM) Wild Horse and Burro Program, its history, challenges, and how you can be a part of its future.

A Legacy of Protection:

The program’s roots trace back to the 1970s, when the Wild Free-Roaming Horses and Burros Act was passed. This landmark legislation recognized these animals as living symbols of the West and mandated their protection on public lands.

Balancing Act: Population Management:

The BLM’s primary challenge is ensuring a healthy balance between wild horses and burros, the rangeland they inhabit, and other wildlife. Unchecked population growth can lead to overgrazing, damaging the ecosystem.

The Tools Used:

  • Gather operations: Rounding up horses and burros using bait trapping or helicopter drives.
  • Adoptions and Sales: Healthy animals are placed for adoption or sale to qualified individuals, with strict ownership requirements.
  • Fertility Control: Techniques like immunocontraception are used to slow population growth in specific herds.

2024 Statistics:

  • Estimated Population: Approximately 73,520 wild horses and burros on public rangelands, significantly higher than the 1971 figure of 25,345. This highlights the ongoing challenge of population control.

Not Quite Native:

  • Wild Horses: Descended from horses brought by Spanish conquistadors in the 16th century.
  • Burros: Descended from donkeys used for packing and transportation.

The BLM manages:

  • Wild horses and burros on over 26 million acres of public rangelands in 177 herd management areas across 10 Western states.

Supporting the Program:

  • Adoption: Give a mustang or burro a forever home. (See adoption information below)
  • Volunteering: Help with adoption events or educational outreach programs.
  • Donations: Support organizations that assist the BLM with adoptions and advocacy.

The Future of the Program:

The future of the program hinges on finding sustainable solutions. This requires continued research, public dialogue, and innovative management practices, including wider adoption initiatives and responsible fertility control methods.

How to Adopt a Mustang or Burro:

The BLM adoption process is designed to place these animals in responsible, caring homes. Here’s how to get started:

  1. Visit the BLM website: to browse adoptable horses and burros.
  2. Review the adoption requirements: Ensure you meet the housing, experience, and financial needs to care for a mustang or burro.
  3. Attend an adoption event: These events allow you to meet the animals in person and learn more about the adoption process.
  4. Submit an application: Once you’ve chosen a horse or burro, fill out the online application and await approval.

By adopting a mustang or burro, you not only provide a loving home for a magnificent animal, but also contribute to the future of this iconic program. Remember, these animals require experienced owners who can provide proper care and training.

Together, we can ensure the thunder of hooves continues to echo across the plains for generations to come.